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Date: 3 months ago   Category: Politics

Whether territorial exchange between Kosovo and Serbia is possible?


Whether territorial exchange between Kosovo and Serbia is possible?
On come to the end in Vienna on August 30-31 to an informal meeting of Ministers of Foreign Affairs of EU Member States the possibility of territorial exchanges between Kosovo and Serbia was discussed. Some politicians in the West and in Serbia see in it the way "settle the relations" between the separatist mode set in Pristina and Belgrade. The president of Serbia Aleksandar Vucic a year ago initiating looks for "a gold key" which would unlock to Belgrade a door to the European Union. Brussels on the issue of inclusion of Serbia in the EU takes more than ambiguous position: officially Serbia is called one of the main candidates for the accession to the European Union, but at the same time lay down it a severe condition – the relations with Pristina. To annex Serbia to the European Union, from it demand to recognize independence of Kosovo (at the same time five EU member states – Spain, Greece, Cyprus, Slovakia and Romania – refuse to recognize the Kosovan-Albanian separatists). The proposal of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the country Ivica Dacic on redrawing of borders between Serbia and Kosovo on the ethnic principle became one of the most discussed ideas which are put forward in Serbia within internal dialogue about Kosovo. Dacic has introduced such idea in May, 2011 in an interview to the Albanian newspaper, having stipulated then that "such is his personal opinion, let it also isn't pleasant to either Pristina, or Belgrade". Like, he, Ivica Dacic, the realist also doesn't see other decision. The promise to accept Serbia to the European Union was made something like a bait for Serbians. In this question to Belgrade press both Brussels, and Washington. On the eve of the ministerial meeting in Vienna Johannes Khan, the European Commissioner for expansion and policy of the neighbourhood, has urged the EU not to interfere with the transaction of Pristina and Belgrade. This statement was heard next day after the head of Kosovan regime Hashim Thaçi and the president of Serbia Aleksandar Vucic have confirmed that the negotiations which are taking place between them can lead to the similar transaction. According to informal sources, the European diplomats count on the conclusion of the comprehensive and legally binding agreement between Serbia and Kosovo to spring of 2019, and implementation of a promise about inclusion of Serbia in the EU is postponed at least until 2025. In what could the similar transaction consist? Dacic meant exchange of territories: the North of Kosovo inhabited mainly by Serbians (4 municipalities, 120 thousand people), would pass again to Serbia (after as a result of intervention of NATO in 1999 from her this territory was taken away), and the South of Serbia inhabited by mainly Albanian population (communities Preshevo and Buyanovats are mentioned), would be attached to Kosovo. Besides two called municipalities Albanians intend to attach to "Republic of Kosovo" and community of Medvedzha. However Hashim Thaçi calls a condition of "removal of tension" with Serbia not exchange of territories, but revision of borders as a result of which territories with most of the Albanian population would be a part of "Republic of Kosovo". According to Thaçi, it will offer to both parties prospect of the accession to the European Union, and for Kosovo,

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