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8 months ago

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Date: 11 months ago   Category: Politics

Putin and leaders of four countries have signed the Convention on the status of the Caspian Sea



of the Head of 5 countries (Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan and Iran) have signed the Convention in which they have cleared legal statuses of the Caspian Sea. The analysis of the main results of the 5th Caspian summit, contents of the adopted Convention, and prospects of the solution of the remained questions by the countries of the region — in the material "Eurasia". According to the concept, the water area of the Caspian Sea will be differentiated on 4 parts: internal and territorial waters, fishing zones and general water space. The main surface area of the sea will remain in general use, however the countries will differentiate use of a bottom and a subsoil. Adoption of the Convention will assist strengthening of stability and predictability in the relations of the Russian Federation with partners in the Caspian Sea, creation of positive conditions for expansion of mutually beneficial cooperation of 5 countries, and still to formation of not less clear legal situation in the region that will objectively narrow the field for the probable conflicts. Directly the waters which are under national sovereignty of the coastal state 15 nautical miles wide will adjoin to the coast. Now the factor of the Russian monopolism is a little lowered — I will repeat, so far hypothetically: it isn't enough to remove political and legal contradictions, in other words not settled status of the Caspian Sea, it is necessary to find still investors on construction of these transit capacities. Its participants of steel of the head of the Russian Federation, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan and Iran. In the document it is told that "the Caspian five" is obliged to carry out navigation, fishery, scientific research and laying of pipelines after coordination between interested parties. "We a large number of years moved creating and accepting this strategic fundamental document" — he has emphasized. The mode provided by 2 documents guarantees freedom of development of the Caspian flotilla, swimming and actions of the Russian warships in the general water space. The conclusion of this basic international contract is equitable to the long interests and strategic objectives of Russia in the Caspian region. After an official part of the country leader have made a photo for memory and have walked on the embankment of Aktau, and besides have in common released in sea waters of whitebaits of a sturgeon. Really, the convention distinctly regulates questions of necessary differentiations, the modes of navigation and fishery, fixes the principles of military-political interaction of the participating countries, guarantees use of the Caspian Sea only in the peace purposes and not presence at the sea of armed forces of extraregional powers. According to the political scientist, the director of Institute of the latest countries Alexey Martynov, the main achievement of last summit will be the fact that its participants managed to finish a various talk on probable construction on the Caspian Sea of military bases and infrastructure facilities of NATO. Sites of a bottom and a subsoil have to be divided into national sectors. The uncertain status of the Caspian Sea interfered with implementation of projects of supply of gas from Turkmenistan

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